Anal fissures are a very painful condition that can be caused by factors such as constipation, trauma, or inflammation. There are several methods for treating anal fissures, including medication, diet, and physiotherapy. If these methods do not provide the desired results, surgical intervention may be necessary, which is called a fissurectomy or removal of the anal fissure.
The fissurectomy procedure involves the surgical removal of the affected tissue in the anal fissure area. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and its duration may vary depending on the severity and location of the fissure. The surgeon makes an incision around the fissure and removes the damaged tissue. Then, the wound is sutured and drainage is placed to allow fluids to flow out of the wound.
After the operation, it is important to observe hygiene rules and avoid heavy physical exertion to allow the body to heal. The recovery time may vary depending on the patient’s individual characteristics and the complexity of the operation. The doctor may also prescribe medication to relieve pain and speed up the healing of the wound.
Fissurectomy is an effective method for treating anal fissures, but like any surgical procedure, it can cause complications such as infection, bleeding, and pain. Therefore, it is important to consult a specialist and evaluate the risks before deciding on the procedure.