A proctologist deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and post-treatment control of diseases of the anus and rectum. Several research methods are used in proctology: endoscopy (anoscopy, proctoscopy, colonoscopy), endorectal ultrasound, defecography, and magnetic resonance imaging.
The main problems and reasons for consulting a proctologist: hemorrhoids, fissures, fistulas, tumors, intestinal prolapse, indigestion, hernia, diseases of the gall bladder and bile ducts, anal fissures, incontinence, anal itching.
You can visit a proctologist without a referral. Reception financed by the Health Insurance Fund takes place only if there is a referral letter.