An ophthalmologist or ophthalmologist deals with the diagnosis and treatment of pathologies of the eye, eyelids, orbit and tear ducts, as well as refractive disorders. An ophthalmologist should be consulted if there is a sudden deterioration of vision, pain or redness in the eyes, symptoms of chronic eye disease, or inflammation. The main problems and reasons for seeing an ophthalmologist: cataracts, eye surgery, eye examinations, vision loss, discharge from the eye, blurred vision, eye trauma, etc.
An optometrist primarily deals with checking visual acuity and prescribing glasses. The main problems and reasons for visiting an optometrist: prescription for glasses, prescription of lenses, prescription of glasses, color perception test, and measurement of eye pressure.
You can see an optometrist or ophthalmologist without a referral.