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Tonsil removal surgery (tonsillectomy)

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Palatine tonsils are pair of organs located between the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches. Palatine tonsils consist of immune cells that fight infection.

Inflammation of the palatine tonsils, or tonsillitis, can be caused by bacteria that spreads through the air and enter the lining of the pharynx when inhaled, initially causing acute tonsillitis, which can later become chronic.

Symptoms of chronic tonsillitis:

  • bad taste and smell in the mouth
  • persistent or episodic sore throat
  • enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck
  • general fatigue and loss of appetite due to chronic tonsillitis
  • exacerbation of tonsillitis (high fever and severe pain when swallowing) occurs more than 2-3 times a year

When is surgery necessary?

Tonsil removal surgery is recommended if tonsillitis has become chronic. The surgery lasts for 30 to 40 minutes and is performed under general anaesthesia.

Before the surgery:

  • The necessary blood tests are performed 1 to 2 weeks before the operation.

After the surgery:

  • After the surgery, the patient remains in the outpatient surgery department for observation for up to 8 hours, if necessary.
  • Fatigue, nausea, headache, drowsiness and muscle soreness may occur after anaesthesia.
  • Immediately after surgery, bleeding may occur and salivation increases – blood and saliva flowing into the mouth should be spit out, not swallowed.
  • Immediately after surgery, we recommend that you do not cough, talk, eat, drink or rinse your throat to reduce bleeding.
  • A slight increase in body temperature is normal after surgery. If the temperature rises above 38 °C, contact us on 1500, where you will receive initial advice and, if necessary, be referred to a physician.
  • Foods and beverages that are sour or very sweet, salads with lots of vinegar, foods that require strong chewing – bread, rusks and carbonated drinks should not be consumed during the first week after surgery. These foods increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Smoking prevents healing!
  • Postoperative pain usually occurs for up to 2 weeks. Use paracetamol as a painkiller (preferably as a soluble tablet, syrup or suppositories in children). Avoid taking non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac) as they promote bleeding.
  • The wounds will appear whitish in the beginning; later, yellowish scabs form on the tonsillectomy wounds after the surgery, which can temporarily cause bad breath. The scabs detach spontaneously, usually on the 10th to 14th day after surgery.
  • In the days following the surgery, move and talk according to how you feel, the risk of bleeding from the wound lasts for two weeks and may be increased by physical exertion.

Please note! There risk of bleeding exists for two weeks after the surgery until the scabs have detached. Bleeding usually stops when ice cubes are kept in the mouth and a cold wrap is placed around the neck and nape. If the bleeding does not stop within 10 to 15 minutes, you must call an ambulance to take you to the emergency department. If the bleeding occurs in a child, call an ambulance immediately.

Tonsil removal surgery
820 €

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Confido Medical Centre
Veerenni 51, Tallinn

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Service: Tonsil removal surgery (tonsillectomy)

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