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Mental health of children

A child's mental health is the state of physical and mental wellness that enables a child to go through important developmental stages to acquire necessary life skills and reach physical, mental and social maturity. In addition to wellness, the concept of mental health also includes mental health issues, incl. mental disorders.

Both hereditary and environmental factors, incl. life events causing continuous stress, play an important part in the development of mental disorders. Another important factor is the relationships surrounding children, especially between children and their parents. This means that tackling children's mental health problems requires cooperation between as many of the adults in their life as possible. Child psychiatry focuses on mental disorder diagnosis and intervention planning. All of this is usually done by a team of specialists working together. Our team includes a children's psychiatrist, a clinical children's psychologist, a children's neuropsychologist, a family therapist, a speech therapist, a special education teacher and an art therapist.

Child’s psychiatrist’s consultation

A psychiatrist for children and youths (hereafter “child’s psychiatrist”) generally deals with the diagnostics and treatment of children and youths up to the age of 18, with psychic and behavioural disorders.

The main method of examination of the psychiatrist is a psychiatric interview, with the child, as well as his/her parents (or legal representative). The child’s psychiatrist, for making a more complete evaluation may refer the child/youth to another specialist, (clinical psychologist, speech therapist, special education teacher, family therapist). Additionally he/she may ask the child’s/youth’s kindergarten/school teacher for an opinion. The intervention and treatment methods are individual and need based. They depend, thus foremost on the nature and severity of the child’s mental health problem.

It is recommended to turn to a child’s psychiatrist, if the problems listed below hinder a child’s/youth’s daily wellbeing and age specific coping.

We recommend turning to a child’s psychiatrist if a child shows:

  • Changes in mood (relative to the customary depressed, elevated or fickle mood)
  • Lack of interest and vitality (incl. suicide thoughts and plans)
  • Excessive anxiety (incl. different fears)
  • Communication difficulties
  • Concentration difficulties
  • Difficulties regulating emotions
  • Excessive activeness and impulsive responsiveness
  • Forced thoughts and behaviour
  • Expressed changes in eating habits
  • Expressed changes in rhythm of sleeping and being awake
  • Unusual sensory experiences (illusionary hearing or vision, sense of reality disorders etc.)
  • Difficulty studying, in which case it is foremost recommended to turn to the Rajaleidja centre


240 €


up to 90 minutes


160 €


up to 60 minutes

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irina sahnjuk

Dr Irina Sahnjuk

Child’s psychiatrist

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