Disc herniation, also known as a slipped disc, occurs when a disc shifts into the spinal canal and puts pressure on the nerve roots, leading to lower back pain and severe pain in the leg area. Several conditions can cause disc herniation, such as degenerative disc disease (DDD), spondylolisthesis, trauma, malignancies, and osteoporotic vertebral fractures.
While specific recommendations for preventing disc herniation are not available, heavy physical work and certain sports activities may contribute to its development. Disc herniations most commonly occur in men aged 30 to 50 years.
The majority of disc herniations happen in the lumbar spine (at the L4/5 and L5/S1 levels). Mild pain can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers, but if the symptoms worsen, it is essential to consult a back specialist to create an accurate treatment plan.
In surgical treatment, the goal is to remove the herniated disc fragment and relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots.
If you experience worsening leg weakness, bowel or bladder disturbances, immediate medical attention from a specialist is necessary, as emergency surgical intervention may be required in such cases. Approximately 10% of patients with disc herniation require surgical treatment.
The diagnosis and treatment of lumbar radiculitis or disc herniation are determined by a back surgeon.
Start your treatment journey with a consultation with a back surgeon!