A hematologist diagnoses and treats diseases of the hematopoietic and lymphatic systems. The main problems and reasons for consulting a hematologist: benign blood diseases (for example, anemia, and leukopenia), and malignant hematopoietic diseases (for example, leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma). In addition, a hematologist helps with various bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia A and B, Willebrand’s disease, and platelet function disorders.
A vascular surgeon, or phlebologist, specializes in diseases of the veins of the lower extremities and the treatment of varicose veins. A vascular surgeon diagnoses arterial and venous diseases, performs examinations, and prescribes treatment. The main problems and reasons for consulting a vascular surgeon: varicose veins, and spider veins.
Hematologists and vascular surgeons can be consulted without a referral.